Breaking the silence: Understanding and preventing suicide

Mental Health Suicide

“Suicide doesn’t solve your problems. It only makes them infinitely, un-countably worse.” – Sinead O’Connor 

Suicide is a crucial issue that affects millions of lives every year, yet it is often surrounded by silence, stigma, and misunderstanding. Many individuals silently struggle with the daunting challenge of suicide, hidden behind closed doors, concealed thoughts, and even smiles. In this blog, we will explore the complex and sensitive subject of suicide, shedding light on its causes, signs, and, most importantly, effective strategies for prevention and support. 

Suicide is a global public health concern. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), close to 800,000 people die by suicide every year, making it the leading cause of death among young people aged 15-29. These statistics are sobering, emphasizing the urgent need for awareness and action. 

The multifaceted causes 

Suicide does not have a single cause; it is the result of a complex interplay of factors. These factors can include mental health issues like depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder, but also external stressors such as financial difficulties, relationship problems, or a history of trauma. Substance abuse can also play a significant role in suicidal ideation and attempts. 

It is reported that about 15% of women undergo depression after giving birth, known as postpartum depression. Women with postpartum depression experience emotional highs and lows, frequent crying, fatigue, guilt, and anxiety, and may also face challenges in caring for their baby. A woman experiences hormonal, physical, emotional, financial, and social changes after giving birth. These changes can cause symptoms of postpartum depression. 

Recognizing the signs 

It is almost impossible to predict early intervention reliably but identifying the signs of suicidal thoughts or behaviours is crucial. However, it is difficult to know the exact signs, some common signs include withdrawing from social activities, giving away possessions, talking about feeling hopeless or trapped, making verbal suicide threats, sudden mood changes, and hormonal changes in women. It is essential to take any such signs seriously and offer support to the person in need. 

Breaking the stigma 

One of the significant barriers to addressing suicide is the stigma surrounding mental health. Society often associates shame and weakness with mental health struggles. However, understanding that mental health challenges are as real as physical ones is key to breaking down these barriers. We can break this stigma by fostering open conversation and creating environments where individuals feel safe to seek help without judgment. Encouraging them to share their experiences and emphasizing that seeking help is a sign of strength can help in reducing the stigma associated with mental health issues. 

Prevention strategies 

Preventing suicide requires a multi-pronged approach. This includes improving access to mental health care, providing crisis hotlines, and implementing public health campaigns to raise awareness. Schools, workplaces, and communities can play a vital role in fostering supportive environments. Additionally, friends and family members should be educated on how to offer help and support to loved ones in crisis. It is essential to encourage open communication and active listening to create a comfortable environment for sharing their struggles. 

Seeking help and support 

If someone is struggling with suicidal thoughts, it is crucial to seek help immediately. It is crucial to contact a mental health professional, a crisis hotline, or a trusted friend or family member. Seeking help is a sign of strength, not weakness, and resources are available to support you through difficult times.  

Women experiencing postpartum depression require constant support. It is essential to recognize the signs of depression and anxiety and encourage friends or partners to seek medical care. Being a good listener ensures that there is someone available to listen and offer assistance. Offering help with daily tasks such as cleaning, running errands, and watching their baby while they sleep, or rest can make a significant difference. Remember, there is always hope, and together it is possible to break the cycle for a better and brighter future. 


Suicide is a complex issue that affects individuals, families, and communities worldwide. By understanding its causes, recognizing the signs, breaking the stigma, and implementing prevention strategies, we can work together to reduce its devastating impact. The first step towards preventing is reaching out for help as a courageous step, and supporting those in need can make all the difference. Let us continue to break the silence surrounding suicide and strive to create a world where everyone has the opportunity to find hope and healing. 

“Hope is a necessity for normal life and the major weapon against the suicide impulse.” – Karl A. Menninger